Seejal Shah1, Sohel Rana1, Tanzila Parvin2*, SM Muraduzzaman2, and Mushtaque Ahmed Jalali3
1Department of Radiology & Imaging Technology, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2Department of Biomedical Engineering & Medical Physics, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences (BUHS), Dhaka, Bangladesh; and 3National instituted of Cancer Research Hospital (NICRH), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (Tanzila Parvin, Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering & Medical Physics, BUHS, Dhaka, Bangladesh).
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At the present time, Breast cancer (BC) is spreading in an uncontrolled way, both in developed and developing countries. The main reason behind the deaths occurred by BC is that women with BC are mainly diagnosed in late stages due to a lack of awareness of early detection and barriers to health services. The aim of this study was to find out the knowledge, awareness about BC, diagnosis, and screening of BC, mammography, and practice of breast self-examination. After taking verbal consent, 90 female students of age above 18 years from BUHS were interviewed using a pretested self-administered questionnaire. Most of the respondents of this study were unmarried (60%) and 65.6% had experienced menarche at the age of 14 years. Among 90 respondents 93.3% had ever heard of BC and 66.7% of any screening methods of breast screening. BSE procedure was known to 45.1% but only 33.3% actually performed BSE. Regarding mammography, only 52.2% had ever heard of mammography and only 42.2% knew the correct purpose of a mammogram. According to 60.97% of the respondent, a woman should start to examine her breasts after marriage as 85.37% of respondents mentioned feeling discomfort to share such issues for not going for breast screening. Among 90 respondents, 18.9% had ever felt any kind of abnormalities like lymph. From the results of this study, it had been shown that there is a need for educating not only young females of University but also all aged women on large scale about BC to improve their knowledge level and awareness regarding myths about BC and increase their practice of early screening methods. Moreover, their confidentiality should be increased to talk about their issues regarding breasts as well as they should be known about BSE for early detection of BC or any abnormalities by themselves.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Breast self-examination, Screening, Knowledge, Awareness, and Mammography.
Citation: Shah S, Rana S, Parvin T, Muraduzzaman SM, and Jalali MA. (2020). Study on awareness, knowledge, and practice of breast screening methods among the female students of Bangladesh university of health sciences, Eur. J. Med. Health Sci., 2(6), 152-158. https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.020.01520158
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