Md. Rasheduzzaman1*, Azim Uddin2, Md. Shamsuzzoha3, and Muhammad Arifur Rahman4
1-3Department of Emergency Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh; and 4Department of Environmental Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali-8602, Bangladesh.
*Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org (Md. Rasheduzzaman, Lecturer, Department of Emergency Management, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh).
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Bangladesh is located geographically in a vulnerable location. Every year different types of natural disasters like cyclone, flood, Nor'wester, tornado, storm surge, salinity, drought, river erosion, river bed siltation, land slide, etc. visit our country. Cyclone is a very common phenomenon in our country. Cyclone shelter is the haven place for the coastal people during the cyclonic event. There are various types of cyclone shelters in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. The overall aim of the research is to identify the best types of cyclone shelters for better shelter management. A total of ten types of cyclone shelters are considered to conduct this research work. The qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed. A priority index matrix is made to identify the best types of cyclone shelters. Different types of data were analyzed viz. access road conditions, enter and exit facilities, physical elements of the cyclone shelters. From the data analysis, it is identified that type 6 cyclone shelter is the best pattern among ten cyclone shelters. This research finds out some weaknesses of the current shelter management practices like a warning signal, poor condition of the shelter, relief work-related problem, electricity, drinking water, and limited logistic support. Finally, the research also made some recommendations for new builds, existing, and institutional arrangements of cyclone shelters that may help to improve the future establishment of cyclone shelters in coastal areas of Bangladesh. So, the identified better pattern of cyclone shelters will improve the emergency management system by providing better shelter management facilities during an emergency situation of any cyclonic event.
Keywords: Cyclone shelter, Analysis, Shelter management, Bangladesh south region, and Management.
Citation: Rasheduzzaman M, Uddin A, Shamsuzzoha M., and Rahman MA. (2020). Analysis of cyclone shelter patterns to build a better shelter management: a case study of Bangladesh southern region, Asian J. Soc. Sci. Leg. Stud., 2(3), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.34104/ajssls.020.047055
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