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Occurrence of Vibrio Species in Marine Sources Surroundings Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean


Harish C Gugnani1*, Quincy Chopra2, Alicia Currie3, Trevor Ostrander3, Willem Wiegersma4, and Palabh Ray5

1Saint James School of Medicine (SJSM), Anguilla (BWI) and V.P. Chest Institute, University of Delhi, India; 2Resident in Emergency Medicine, Mercy St Elizabeth Boardman Hospital, Boardman, Ohio, USA; 3Saint James School of Medicine, Human Resource Development Services (HRDS) Inc., IL 60068, USA; 4Resident in Family Medicine, Queen’s University Hospital. Kingston, Ontario, Canada; and 5Division of Bacteriology, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. 

*Correspondence: harish.gugnani@gmail.com (Dr. Harish Chander Gugnani, Emeritus Professor, Saint James School of Medicine (SJSM), Anguilla (BWI); and Professor of Microbiology, V.P. Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, India).

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ABSTRACT 

There is a lack of information on the presence of vibrios in the marine environment in the Caribbean. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of Vibrios in the coastal waters of Bonaire. Fifty samples of marine water collected at different depths from various sources around Bonaire were examined for the presence of vibrios. Species identification was confirmed by KB007 HiVibrioTM, Identification Kit, and TOFEL-MALDI. Forty of the samples contained Vibrio alginolyticus, 33 yielded V. parahaemolyticus and 29 showed the presence of V. vulnificus / V. cholerae. Regarding total colony counts in the sample, 47.4% of the colonies were V. alginolyticus, 35.2% were V. parahaemolyticus, and 17.4% represented V. vulnificus / V. cholerae. Further, of the 25 surface samples from various sites, 14 had a colony count percentage of 50% or greater number of V. alginolyticus.  Another 10 sites had a colony count percentage of 50% or greater for V. parahaemolyticus; three of them had a colony count percentage of 50% or greater for V. vulnificus / V. cholerae. The present study constitutes the first study of its kind providing evidence of the prevalence of pathogenic Vibrio species, viz.  V. alginolyticus, V. parahaemolyticus, and V. vulnificus / V. cholerae in marine water from the Dutch Caribbean. 

Keywords: Marine waters, Bonaire, Vibrio species, and Dutch Caribbean.

Citation: Gugnani HC, Chopra Q, Currie A, Ostrander T, Wiegersma W, and Ray P. (2022). Occurrence of Vibrio species in marine sources surroundings Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean. Eur. J. Med. Health Sci., 4(5), 153-162. https://doi.org/10.34104/ejmhs.022.01530162


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