Maliha Nishat1, Rojina Islam2, and Md. Atikur Rahman1*
1Department of Physics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh; 2Deptarment of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.
*Correspondence: email@example.com (Md. Atikur Rahman, Department of Physics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh).
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Graphene, an interesting 2D system has a rare electronic structure of two inverted Dirac cones touching at a single point, with great electron mobility and promising microelectronics applications. In the present article, a theoretical investigation has been performed on the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of pristine graphene nanosheet and also the effect of 3d transition metal (TM) co-doped in graphene nanosheet within the density functional theory framework. 3d TM is categorized into two groups: Cr- group (Cr-Cr, Cr-Mn, and Cr-Fe) and Ni-group (Ni-Cr, Ni-Ti, Ni-Mn). After co-doping TM atoms on graphene, it still holds its planar shape which refers to the stability of these co-doped graphene nanosheets. This is also confirmed by the increasing bond length of carbon and TM atoms on graphene nanosheets. Highest zero-point energies have been found of -12049.24eV and -10936.87eV respectively for Cr-Cr and Ni-Cr co-doped graphene nanosheet. According to Mulliken's charge and electron density differences, all the TM atoms can act as electron donors while the graphene nanosheet is electron acceptor. All the TMs co-doped graphene nanosheet show metallic behavior in terms of band structures and DOS plots except Ti-Ni which has shown a little band gap. In terms of electronic properties, Cr-Cr and Ni-Cr co-doped graphene nanosheets are found most stable among the other studied systems and they can exhibit magnetic behavior as there is a variation in their up and down spin as shown in spin polarized DOS. That’s why they are beneficial to the application of various magnetic devices as well as sectors. Besides Cr-group co-doped graphene nanosheet can exhibit better magnetic properties than Ni-group.
Keywords: Graphene, Nanosheet, Co-doped, DFT Calculations, Transition metal, and Magnetic properties.
Citation: Nishat M, Islam R, and Rahman MA. (2021). Investigation of the effect of 3d TM-TM atom co-doped in graphene nanosheet: DFT based calculations, Int. J. Mat. Math. Sci., 3(6), 122-132.
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