The Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) is published and devoted to the publications of the original research covering the fields of Biological Sciences; Medical and Health Sciences; Engineering and Innovative Technology; Material and Mathematical Sciences; Arts and Humanities; Social Sciences and Legal Studies; Accounting and Management; and Business and Information studies. Contributions including original research and review are published in English after reviewing by two peers. The authors should submit an article that has not been offered to any other journals for prior or simultaneous publication.
The text of the article should be clear and precise. Manuscripts should be 1.15 spaced, printed in front sizes 11, Times New Roman, on one side of quality. Manuscripts and illustrations should be submitted in duplicate and the author should retain one copy. The sequence of the article should be; Title, Author’s name and institutions, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, Conflicts of interest, and References. When necessary, subheads may be used within each major Heads, Heads and subheading should be in bold font.
The title page should contain –
A title should be concise and informative and contain the major keywords that accurately describe the content of the paper and suggested running head. Do not use abbreviations in the title.
The abstract should be brief and does not contain more than 240-250 words. A well-prepared abstract gives a clear indication of the aim and objective, scope, results and principal conclusion of the article which enables the reader to identify the basic content of an article quickly and more accurately, So that readers may determine whether the full text will be of particular interest to them or not.
Each paper should have 7 to 10 keywords, in addition to those already present in the title. Keywords are used by the indexing and abstracting services
The introduction should present sufficient background information and the object of the investigation to understand the purpose of the current work and its significance with the latest references.
The Materials and Methods section should provide sufficient technical details to allow others to replicate and build on published results. New procedures and approaches should be described in detail while previously published procedures can be briefly described and appropriately cited. Sources of all important chemicals, reagents, equipment, or microbial strains should be indicated.
Results should provide a concise description and can be presented in the form of figures, tables, and text which should clearly and accurately describe the experimental findings of the study. It is recommended to use past indefinite verb tense in describing the results.
The Discussion section should be focused on the interpretation of the results, but not reiterate the results. The discussion should be completed with a major conclusion that answers the question specified in the introductory part of the article. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.
Figures - Figures should be provided separately from the main text. Figures must be cited in the order that they appear. The figure number must appear well outside the boundaries of the image itself. Include a legend describing the figure and it should be below the figure. Provide each axis with a brief but informative title (including units of measurement). It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that figures are provided at a sufficiently high resolution to ensure high-quality reproduction in the final prepared article. Please note that it is the main responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to proliferate figures or tables that have previously been published somewhere. The acceptable file of figures formats: TIFF, JPEG, and PNG.
Acknowledgments of any gratefulness, financial support, and personal assistance for the work being published must be marked in the separate paragraph, before the Conflicts of interest.
Conflicts of interest
Author(s) must declare the Conflicts of interest of the research before the references of the article.
The References section should include all relevant journal articles, books, and patents cited in the text, tables, or figures. Arrange the reference list in the order of their appearance in the main text, and then number the list consecutively (not in alphabetic order) and should be cited in the text in superscripts only. The author(s) must check the accuracy of all reference numbers, as UniversePG will not be responsible for incorrect reference citations.
The referencing styles shown in the examples below should be used.
El-Naggar M Y, Yousry M Gohar, Khouloud M Barakat, Nowara S Aly. (2016). The physiological response, antibacterial activity, and cinnamaldehyde production by a marine Streptomyces chartreusis. J Pure Appl Microbiol, 10(3): 1797-1808.
Surname(s), Initials(s). (Year) Title of the article. Name of Journal. Volume (part number): pages
e.g. Partington, M. (2016). Housing: proportionate dispute resolution. Landlord and Tenant Review. 10(3): 81-84
Brock TD, Madigan MT. (2016). Biology of Microorganisms, pp. 42- 59. 5th Ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. USA
Gershon AA, Russa P La, Steinberg SP. (2017). Varicella-zoster virus, pp. 900-911. In Murray PR, Baron EJ, Pfaller MA, Tenover FC, Yolken RH (eds.), Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th Ed. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, D.C.
Aviv H, Friedman K, and Vered V. Submicron emulsions as ocular drug delivery vehicles. U.S. Patent US 5496811; 2018.
Quick dissolving tablets. http://www.biospace.com, Accessed 27 May 2019.
Author (Year) Title of web document or web page. [Online] Available from: URL. [Date accessed]
e.g. DEFRA (2018). Climate change and energy.
Author (Year) Title. [online]. Publisher. Available from : URL [date accessed]
e.g. Anglia Ruskin University. (2016). Harvard system of referencing [Online]. Anglia Ruskin University. http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/guides/new harvard.php
Author (Year) Title of article. Journal title. [online] Volume (issue), pagination. Available from: URL.
e.g. Horesh, R. (2002 Sept) Better than Kyoto: climate stability bonds. Economic Affairs. [online]. 22 (3): 48-52.
Surname(s), Initials(s). (Year) Title (in italics or underlined). Edition (if given). Publisher e.g. Kotler, P.and Keller, K.L. (2006). Marketing Management, 12th ed. Pearson Education
[N.B. you do not need to give an edition statement if it is the first edition]
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text not in references.
Bibliographical references should preferably be in the Harvard system. Notes indicated serially in the text by superscripts, must be placed at the end of the text. Appendices, notes, and references are to be typed in separate sheets and should follow the main text in that order. Tables should be sequentially numbered in Roman numerals in the order in which they are referred to in the text. All charts and diagrams must be in camera-ready form.
The Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) does not have an institutional view and does not aim to present one. The views expressed in this document are those of its independent author. All articles of all areas submitted to the UniversePG must comply with the instructions. Manuscripts should also be submitted by the online system or directly as Word file through email.
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