Universe Publishing Group (UniversePG) follows strict publication ethics and malpractice policy and is committed to protecting the integrity of the scholarly record and feels its duty to help and support the scientific community in all aspects of research and publishing ethics.
The authors should ensure that studies involving experiments on humans must have an institutional review board and/or national research ethics committee approval. Manuscripts should include a statement that the informed consent was obtained for the experimentation with human subjects and that it conforms to standards currently applied in the country of origin. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
Authors also ensure that studies involving experiments on animals must include a statement in the manuscript indicating that the international, national or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals have been followed and that the study has been approved by a research ethics committee. Procedures should be such that experimental animals do not have to suffer unnecessarily and articles should include details of the procedures and of anesthetics used during research.