Sakina Akter Sema1, 2* and Md. Touhidul Islam3, 4
1Dept. of English, Pundra University of Science and Technology, Bogura, Bangladesh; 2M.Phil Research Fellow, Dept. of English, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; and 3Dept. of Business Administration, Gono Bishwabidyalay, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; and 4M.Phil Research Fellow, Dept. of Finance and Banking, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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Still, today in the 21st-century Transgender is a mysterious issue to the common people. General people are curious to know about their lifestyle, how they fight for their livelihoods by struggling with various obstacles against them. In Bangladesh, the scenario is not different from the other neighboring countries. But presently some NGOs, Organizations, and groups have come out to help them with the government. They are trying to facilitate them by involving the transgender people in various social and economic activities by giving them some training and proper counseling. Through this sort of activity, they are being empowered. This research paper has quantified the extent to which transgender people are being empowered and enjoying their empowerment as a recognized citizen of Bangladesh's respect for social, political-legal, and economic aspects. The study has applied a descriptive research design with a quantitative approach to determine the extent of each factor in the analysis. Data was collected through a close-end structured liker scale questionnaire. The sample size was 28 respondents from the 60-80 population who live in the Savar National Memorial based area in Dhaka city. Data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis (means and standard deviation) and multiple linear regression analysis. The study found that Social Empowerment of Transgender People (SocEm) and Economic Empowerment of Transgender People (EcoEm) have a significant positive relationship with the empowerment state of transgender people while Political/Legal Empowerment of Transgender People (PoLeEm) does not have any significant positive relationship with empowerment state of transgender people in Bangladesh respect to Savar National Memorial based area in Dhaka city. The coefficient of determination (Adjusted R2=0.901) showed that 90.10% of the success recorded in the empowerment state of the transgender people in Bangladesh accounted for Economic Empowerment of Transgender People (EcoEm), Political/Legal Empowerment of Transgender People (PoLeEm), Social Empowerment of Transgender People (SocEm) respect to selected transgender people those who live in Savar National Memorial based area in Dhaka City.
Keywords: Transgender, Hijra, Empowerment, MDGs, Savar National Memorial, and SDGs.
Citation: Sema SA, and Islam MT. (2020). Empowerment state of transgender people in Bangladesh: a study on Savar National Memorial based area in Dhaka city, Asian J. Soc. Sci. Leg. Stud., 2(1), 1-10.
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